Paraná state's Paranaguá and Antonina port authority (Appa) in southern Brazil was created in 1947 to monitor and control all vesssel movements in support of port operations and navigational safety; to provide and monitor port security; and to monitor and control ship-to-ship and bunkering operations. Appa is currently carrying out dredging works at the Paranaguá port, which started in November 2013, as phase one of a project to expand the state's port export capacity. With warehousing upgrades and other modernization projects aimed at improving truck unloading and increasing cargo transport capacity, productivity at the Paranagua and Antonina ports is expected to increase 30%. The project will see the construction of a new pier adjacent to the existing quay, which will extend 400m into the sea. The new terminal will boast four berths, three designed for post-Panamax vessels and one for large Capesize ships, with a cargo handling capacity of around 18,000t/h. In addition, the new export facility will be equipped with as many as eight shiploaders, with an operating capacity of up to 3,000t/h, and eight conveyors.