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Mexico's southern states enjoyed a head start in renewables projects. The first great windfarm buildout took place in Oaxaca state with 22 windfarms built between 1994 and 2017, and the first long-term energy auction in 2016 had eight of the 16 projects with winning bids located in Yucatan state.
Yet, since then Mexico's southern states have rapidly lost ground.
The first finished projects from Mexico's first energy auction were Enel's Villanueva I, Villanueva III and Don José solar parks in the northern and central states of Coahuila and Guanajuato. Meanwhile numerous projects in Yucatan from the first long-term energy auction have been delayed due to community resistance.
Especially, Oaxaca has to deal with a lot of community resistance to wind farms.
Meanwhile investment is moving northward. The energy ministry expects US$423mn in investment in northern Sonora state in the next three years.