The duct transports hydrocarbons output in Santa Cruz province.
Scheduled stoppage for the Esmeraldas Refinery will take place in March 2019
In terms of technology, Petróleos Mexicanos is placed on a par with the big oil companies in the world, said its CEO, Carlos Treviño Medina
President Nicolás Maduro ordered five zeroes removed from the currency over the weekend and introduced the sovereign bolívar, which is pegged to the country's official cryptocurrency.
Fuel theft has become almost a structural part of the economy and dealing with the issue will be a major test for the next government.
A new regulation allows firms that were awarded blocks in bidding rounds to reduce the minimum requirements for domestic content in supplies and services.