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Colombia, Latin America's largest coal producer, increased export revenue from the fuel in July, while nickel, iron and steel fell, according to the government.
Total exports jumped 37.6% to US$3.07bn in July compared with US$2.23bn a year earlier, the country's statistics institute (DANE) said in a report. Oil and gas, which posted US$941mn, accounted for about a third of the total.
Ferronickel exports dropped by more than half to US$5.9mn from US$13.9mn a year earlier as shipments plunged 62.5% to 2,030t, according to the agency. Colombia's nickel industry is controlled by Cerro Matoso, owned by BHP Billiton spin-off South32.
Iron and steel exports fell 16.5% to US$16.3mn in July from US$19.5mn a year earlier due to an 18.6% drop in shipments to 8,483t, the agency said. Non-metallic minerals sales gained 64.5% to US$37.3mn from US$22.7mn.
Manufactured metals exports rose 32.6% to US$23.5mn, while non-ferrous metals exports jumped 79.6% to US$5.1mn and scrap metal doubled to US$27.3mn, it said.
The United States accounted for 25.7% of Colombia's total exports in July, followed by Panama (9.1%), China (4.6%), Turkey (4.6%), and Brazil (4.5%), according to the agency.
Gold exports, which are tracked on a cumulative basis, jumped 84% to US$1.120bn through July from US$522.3mn a year earlier, the agency said. Vancouver-based Red Eagle Mining began production at its US$55mn San Ramón gold mine in November.