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Latin America's judicial systems lack the knowledge and IT tools to deal with cybercrime and malware, Slovakian antivirus and security software developer Eset's awareness and research coordinator, Sebastián Bortnik, told BNamericas.
Although some countries in the region have laws against cybercrime, their quality and implementation are an issue. According to Bortnik, there is a false belief where governments and users assume that, by having a law against online crimes, the problem is solved. "A law is just the beginning to getting justice," he said, adding that the first step to fight cybercrime is to report it.
"If you get mugged in the street, the first thing you do is go to the police," he said, but cybercrime victims are often unable to report the wrongdoing. "Imagine you walk into the police station and try to explain that your zombie PC has a botnet. Chances are you're going to be sent out."
According to Bortnik, phishing, hacktivism, bogus links, infected USBs and banking trojans are today's main threats in the region. These types of malware used to come from countries like China and Russia, but now Latin America is also producing them, he said. "We see more and more suspicious emails and links in Spanish and Portuguese, with local subjects."
According to an Eset study, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico are among the Latin American countries with the highest penetration of malicious code designed to steal banking information.
According to Eset's report, Brazil comes first in terms of banking trojan penetration, with 5.99% of the total, meaning that one out of every 17 PCs has received this threat so far this year. Colombia follows with 2.30%, and then Mexico with 1.73%.
Trojan penetration in Ecuador reaches 1.72% of the total, Guatemala 1.50%, Chile 1.35%, Argentina 1.13% and Peru 0.62%.