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El Salvador must create a national water policy, and a water law that promotes comprehensive management of water resources, according to national economic and social development foundation Fusades.
The country must also create a regulator that can push for effective, efficient and sustainable water management, Fusades said in a release.
In addition, the government should offer incentives to reduce contamination of water resources and develop a fair policy for water rates, including subsidies where they are needed.
Fusades cites poor management of its resources and lack of a national strategy for worsening availability and quality of water.
Between 2007 and 2009, the number of rivers that could be used as sources for potable water fell from 20% to 11%, while those that could be used for irrigation dropped to 12% from 24%. In 2009, 48% of rural homes had access to domestic connections for potable water.
The current district approach does not provide for the comprehensive management and administration of water resources and generates conditions adverse to its efficient use as well as conflicts, the release said.