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Wind farms in Mexico will be present in 17 of the country's 32 states by 2020, up from the current nine, with total capacity expected to be 12.8GW, up from 3.53GW at end-2016.
According to forecasts by Mexico's wind power association Amdee, Tamaulipas and Yucatán will move into second and third place respectively behind Oaxaca in terms of installed capacity, with 2,283MW and 2,227MW, respectively, by 2020. Oaxaca's total will increase to 5,076MW from the current 2,360MW.
Oaxaca's wind capacity will be significantly boosted by the 400MW Eólica del Sur, work on which will begin this month.
Tamaulipas set up a state-level energy agency last August to promote the sector's growth and local developer Parque Eólico Reynosa was awarded contracts in September's auction to build five wind farms in the state, totaling around 260MW in capacity. Enel Green Power (EGP) was also awarded a contract to build the 93MW Salitrillos wind farm, and Tractebel Energía de Altamira will build the 49.5MW Tres Mesas 3 farm.
And last July, Spain's Acciona signed a 15-year contract with CFE for the delivery of 586GWh annually from a 168MW wind farm in Tamaulipas, slated to start operations in 2018.
States other than Oaxaca with operating wind farms are Baja California, Chiapas, Jalisco, Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas and Nuevo León, the latter the second in terms of installed capacity, with 274MW.
The states where wind farms are currently under development or forecast to be developed and operational by 2020 are Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Querétaro, Sonora, Veracruz and Yucatán.
Wind power is expected to surge as a result of the country's electric power auction last March and September, and this year's auction, which was launched in April and the results of which will be announced in November.
Five wind farm projects were awarded in the first auction, while wind accounted for 43% of the capacity awarded in the second auction.
The first farm to be built in Coahuila and put the state on the country's wind map will be Mexican mining company Industrias Peñoles and EDP Renováveis' US$350mn, 180MW complex, which is due to open later this year. The second will be the La Amistad project, currently under construction by German firm Sowitec, which is also building the 129MW Palo Alto wind farm in Jalisco in conjunction with EGP.
Yucatán, another newcomer to wind, has five projects on the drawing board as a result of last year's auctions, including the Energía Renovable de la Península farm, and the Chacabal, Chacabal II and Ticul I projects.